You must get a passport for your child or children (under 16 years) if you plan to fly to another country. In the case of air travel, the United States will not allow any person (including children) to enter or re-enter the United States without a valid passport. If you are traveling by land and sea outside of the United States, all persons must present passport book or passport card or other authorized travel document to enter or re-enter the United States. The passport card is a special card valid only for land and sea travel between the U.S.
If the radio waves cannot reach the chip's antenna and resonate it, then the chip cannot be powered and it cannot communicate.
The e-passport was primarily introduced to combat forgery.
However, it also recognised that criminals, finding that they cannot subvert the chip, will destroy it rather than risk being detected.
Once a country starts to issue electronic passports, you cannot get one without a chip. The move to electronic passports is worldwide, driven by the realization that paper-based passports can be too easily altered and falsified. There are international agreements in place and more than 50 countries around the world are issuing them. Some of these countries are Australia, Belgium, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Spain, the UK and the United States.
The way to know for sure if you have an electronic passport is to look for the international logo (below) printed on the cover. More than 50 countries around the world are issuing electronic passports. The electronic security features inside are designed to prevent anyone but you from successfully using that passport. If stolen, your passport picture could be replaced by a fraudulent one on the printed data page, but the digital copy of your picture on the chip cannot be changed without detection. More than 50 countries are now issuing epassports, including