The bill's draft states that "the president may order a cybersecurity emergency and order the limitation or shutdown of Internet traffic" and would give the government ongoing access to "all relevant data concerning (critical infrastructure) networks without regard to any provision of law, regulation, rule, or policy restricting such access."
A smart card is credit card-sized piece of plastic that contains a small computer, or microprocessor, and its own data storage, processing power and software. Smart cards provide data portability, security and convenience and can be used for many different applications.
Today, smart card technology is not just used in the shape of a card either. Sometimes it is inside something else, like a USB token, passport or cell phone. In the United States, applications for smart card technology include:
**U.S. electronic passports
Conficker is a program that is spread by exploiting several weaknesses in Microsoft's Windows operating system.