epassport

Do children need their own passport or can they be added to their parents’?

You should get a passport for your child or children (under 16 years) if you plan to fly to another country. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has recommended a policy requiring every individual who travels by air to have his or her own travel document. Some countries in the EU do allow other EU citizens to enter without a passport, however you and your family may be asked at any time to prove your identities, so the best practice for everyone, including your children, to have his or her own passport. This will ensure safe and easy entry and re-entry for your family.
International

Do children need their own passport or can they be added to their parents’?

You must get a passport for your child or children (under 16 years) if you plan to fly to another country. In the case of air travel, the United States will not allow any person (including children) to enter or re-enter the United States without a valid passport. If you are traveling by land and sea outside of the United States, all persons must present passport book or passport card or other authorized travel document to enter or re-enter the United States. The passport card is a special card valid only for land and sea travel between the U.S.

U.S.

Do metal shields or jackets protect against unauthorized access?

The chip of the e-passport cannot be read if the booklet is placed in a metal jacket. The jacket forms a "Faraday cage" which prevents radio waves from reaching the chip's antenna. A metal shield, such as a metal insert in a page, is just as effective as it "decouples" the antenna and prevents it from resonating at the frequency of the radio waves.
If the radio waves cannot reach the chip's antenna and resonate it, then the chip cannot be powered and it cannot communicate.
International

Will a non-working chip invalidate the e-passport and will I be denied entry?

ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) has definitely stated that an e-passport with a non-working chip must be regarded as a legitimate travel document, and the owner should not be denied entry based on this alone. It was recognised that a small percentage of chips will fail due to natural causes. Most border officials will advise that an e-passport with a failed chip should be replaced as soon as practicable.
International

Do E-passports vary from country to country?

This comment is usually made in respect of comparing the passports of different countries in order to grade them or to try to remotely identify them. Practically all e-passports conform to the ICAO standard Doc 9303 (ICAO refers to International Civil Aviation Organization, an organization of the United Nations which contributes to the regulation of international civil aviation). They also implement a set of the minimum security standards. While there are small differences between the e-passports of different countries, they have overwhelmingly more in common than not.
International

Was the e-passport introduced for facilitation reasons?

The reasoning behind this myth goes something like this: with e-passports governments can introduce automated border control to facilitate the passage of travellers through their borders. This leads to a saving of money, but also a lowering of standards as somehow criminals fool the biometric systems with plastic surgery, contact lenses or rubber finger tips. The whole system becomes a "glaring security breach".

The e-passport was primarily introduced to combat forgery.

International

Will a non-working chip invalidate the e-passport and will I be denied entry?

ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) has definitely stated that an e-passport with a non-working chip must be regarded as a legitimate travel document, and the owner should not be denied entry based on this alone. It was recognised that a small percentage of chips will fail due to natural causes. Most border officials will advise that an e-passport with a failed chip should be replaced as soon as practicable.

However, it also recognised that criminals, finding that they cannot subvert the chip, will destroy it rather than risk being detected.

U.S.

Do E-passports vary from country to country?

This comment is usually made in respect of comparing the passports of different countries in order to grade them or to try to remotely identify them. Practically all e-passports conform to the ICAO standard Doc 9303 (ICAO refers to International Civil Aviation Organization, an organization of the United Nations which contributes to the regulation of international civil aviation). They also implement a set of the minimum security standards. While there are small differences between the e-passports of different countries, they have overwhelmingly more in common than not.
U.S.

Can I get a new passport without a chip?

Once a country starts to issue electronic passports, you cannot get one without a chip. The move to electronic passports is worldwide, driven by the realization that paper-based passports can be too easily altered and falsified. There are international agreements in place and more than 50 countries around the world are issuing them. Some of these countries are Australia, Belgium, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Spain, the UK and the United States.

International

Do I have an epassport?

The way to know for sure if you have an electronic passport is to look for the international logo (below) printed on the cover. More than 50 countries around the world are issuing electronic passports. The electronic security features inside are designed to prevent anyone but you from successfully using that passport. If stolen, your passport picture could be replaced by a fraudulent one on the printed data page, but the digital copy of your picture on the chip cannot be changed without detection. More than 50 countries are now issuing epassports, including

International
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