In most cases, it is the decision of the Internet service provider to offer parental protection services, not a mandatory requirement, however in some countries like France it is a legal requirement for all Internet service providers.
One country, Australia, is testing Internet content filtering at the ISP level. Belgium has gone beyond software buying issuing a Kids-ID card as part of its electronic national ID credential program. The size of a credit card, it acts as an ID card for Belgian children, and can be used on the Internet, via a card reader attached to the PC, for safer access to online chat and other services. A built-in PIN code enables to automatically authenticate the child and to grant him access to Web services he or she is allowed to use.
The European Union sponsors a number of programs aimed at creating a safer online environment for younger people. More information about its Safer Internet Centres, present in 27 European countries, and other activities is at Safer Internet Programme. The European Commission is also funding the POESIA project, an Internet filtering program for use by educational institutions and families. The importance of these actions are highlighted by an EU survey showing that 75 percent of children between 6 and 17 are online, and 50 percent own a mobile phone.